It is nothing but surgery done on the heart to repair and correct the heart problems. Generally heart surgery refers to open heart surgery.
There are two primary types of heart surgery procedures that are performed to repair damage as a result of a heart defect or disease. Bypass surgery is performed when a patient’s arteries become blocked as a result of plaque build up that restricts the flow of blood to the heart. Heart valve surgery is usually performed to correct a heart valve disease where the heart valve does not open or close normally. Both of these heart surgery procedures may entail using a traditional or minimally invasive surgery method. A patient’s condition typically dictates which of the heart surgery procedures is necessary.
Different Types of Heart Surgery
Whenever referring to heart surgery the doctor will basically make a reference for one surgical procedure that aims to replace blocked coronary arteries by taking veins from lower patient extremities. In most cases the procedure sees the patient being placed on heart bypass machines. Surgeons will perform the operation on a heart that is not beating and life quality is always improved for the one suffering from heart ailment. The great news is that medical science came up with many different surgeries that can be performed. Let us talk about the most common heart surgeries that you might end up being faced with.
Bypass Heart Surgery
If you need heart bypass surgery, the procedure is pretty similar. A surgeon takes blood vessels from another part of your body to go around, or bypass, a blocked artery. The result is that more blood and oxygen can flow to your heart again. It can help lower your risk for a heart attack and other problems. Once you recover, you’ll feel better and be able to get back to your regular activities. Bypass surgery is also known as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). It’s the most common type of open-heart surgery in the U.S. Most people have great results and live symptom-free for a decade or more.
Open Heart Surgery
During heart surgery, the beating of the heart is temporarily stopped and life is maintained through a cardiopulmonary bypass (also called CPB or the heart-lung machine). The heart is stopped either through decreasing its temperature and through the injection of a preservative. The heart-lung machine then keeps the blood pumping through the body, adding the necessary oxygen and nutrients. There are risks associated with the use of the heart-lung machine, such as organ damage and blood clots, so every effort is made to keep each patient’s time on this machine to a minimum.
TLR Heart Surgery
This is a heart surgery type that is regularly done in order to take care of angina. It is usually considered as being the last heart surgery option and is done whenever other treatment options did not work. Laser technology is utilized in order to create heart muscle channels. This allows blood to directly flow right from heart chambers towards your heart muscle.
Valve Replacement Surgery
your heart valves are important because they let blood flow properly in 1 direction. A valve is made out of special flaps that are known as leaflets. When these get opened, blood passes directly towards arteries right from heart chambers. Valve repair is one heart surgery type that operates on closed leaflets.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery
In this type of surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision (cut) in the side of the chest between the ribs instead of a large incision down the center of the chest to open the rib cage. One type of Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery that is still being developed is robotic-assisted surgery. For this technique the Surgeon uses a computer to control surgical tools on thin robotic arms. The tools are inserted through small incision in the chest. This allows Surgeon to perform complex and highly precise surgery. The surgeon is always in total control of the robotic arms.